MCQ on Climate Change COP & UNFCCC

 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Climate Change/Conference of Parties (COP)/Cop 27/UNFCCC/Paris Agreement/India action on Climate Change etc.  based Current Affairs & Contemporary issues. It is useful for various competitive exams like UPSC, UPPSC, BPSC, IAS/PCS and others.


Q 1. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at ongoing 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) 2022 held in (or) Which country will host the COP 27 Conference 2022?

  1. France
  2. Egypt
  3. Italy
  4. India

2. Egypt: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at ongoing 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.

 

Q 2. What is the focus of COP 27?

  1. To achieve the goal of the Paris Agreement
  2. To achieve the goal of the COP21
  3. Both
  4. None

3. Both: Countries gathered at the Sharm el-Sheikh Climate Change Conference (COP 27) to take steps toward meeting the global climate goals set forth in the Paris Agreement (at COP 21) and the Convention.

 

Q 3. How many countries attend COP27?

  1. Less than 190 Countries
  2. More than 190 Countries
  3. 190 Countries
  4. None

2. More than 190 Countries: More than 190 nations' delegations and international leaders are scheduled at the COP 27 summit.

 

Q 4. Who is the COP27 president?

  1. Sameh Shoukry
  2. Abdul Shalah
  3. Abul-bin-shah
  4. Bashar Ali

1. Sameh Shoukry: By 2030, the Sharm el-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda, unveiled by COP27 President Sameh Shoukry, would increase resilience for those residing in the most climate-vulnerable localities.

 

Who is the COP27 President?

Q 5. What is full form of LiFE at the side event held at India Pavilion at COP 27?

  1. Life for the Environment
  2. Lifestyle for the Environment
  3. Leader for the Environment
  4. Light for the Environment

2. Lifestyle for the Environment: The campaign aims to inspire young people between the ages of 18 and 23 to spread the word about sustainable lifestyles.

 

Q 6. What is objective of the Paris Agreement/Accord?

  1. Decrease Global Warming below 2 degrees Celsius
  2. Decrease Global Warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius
  3. Decrease Global Warming below 1 degree Celsius
  4. None

1. Decrease Global Warming below 2 degrees Celsius: The Paris Agreement aims to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels and make efforts to keep the rise in temperature by 1.5 degrees to a minimum.

 

Q 7. The Paris Agreement is a

  1. Legally binding
  2. Not Legally binding
  3. Convention
  4. None

1. Legally binding: The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change.

 

Q 8. When was adopted Paris Agreement?

  1. 2015
  2. 2016
  3. 2017
  4. 2018

1. 2015: Paris Agreement was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris, on 12 December 2015.

 

Q 9. How frequently is a cop held?

  1. Every two year
  2. Every Year
  3. Every three year
  4. Every four year

2. Every Year: The COP meets every year, unless the Parties decide otherwise.


Q 10. How many countries signed the Paris Agreement?

  1. 192 & EU
  2. 190 & EU
  3. 191 & EU
  4. 193 & EU

4. 193 & EU: As of September 2022, 193 Nations & European Union (EU) (194 Parties) members of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are signed to the agreement.

 

Q 11. What is basic goal of UNFCCC?

  1. Reduce Green House Gases
  2. Reduce only Ozone depleting Gases
  3. Reduce Industrial Pollution
  4. Reduce Plastic Use

1. Reduce Green House Gases 


Q 12. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is also known as

  1. Kyoto protocol
  2. Vienna convention
  3. Earth summit
  4. Montreal Protocol

3. Earth summit: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the 'Earth Summit', was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1992).

 

Q 13. Where the 9th Digital Earth Summit 2022 held?

  1. Chennai
  2. Bangaluru
  3. New Delhi
  4. Mumbai

1. Chennai: The 9th Digital Earth Summit 2022 held in Chennai, by the Institute of Remote Sensing, Anna University.

 

Q 14. When was the first National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) for India launched?

  1. 2007
  2. 2008
  3. 2009
  4. 2010

2. 2008: The Government of India launched National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) on 30thJune, 2008 outlining eight National Missions on climate change.

 

Q 15. When was the first UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) meeting held?

  1. 1992
  2. 1995
  3. 1998
  4. 2000

2. 1995: The first Conference of the Parties (COP 1) to the UNFCCC was held in Berlin, Germany in 1995.

Q 16. What is the main aim of UNFCCC?
  1. Reduce GHG
  2. Reduce Ozone Depleting gas
  3. Preventing “dangerous” human interference with the climate system
  4. All of  These
3. Preventing “dangerous” human interference with the climate system is the ultimate aim of the UNFCCC.

Q 17. Who is the head of UNFCCC?
  1. Patricia Espinosa
  2. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
  3. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
  4. Kristalina Georgieva
      1. Patricia Espinosa: At the head of the secretariat is the Executive Secretary, a position currently held by Patricia Espinosa.

       Q 18. What is principal reason global warming?
      1. Stubble Burning
      2. Industrial Pollution
      3. Fossil Fuel Burning
      4. Volcanoes
       3. Fossil Fuel Burning: Massive amounts of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, are emitted into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. Greenhouse gases, which trap heat in our atmosphere, are to responsible for global warming.




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